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The Europeanisation of board-level employee representation in France

In France, the legal obligation for private-sector companies to have, under certain conditions, one or two employee representatives on their boards goes hand in hand with the possibility for the company to decide to have its European Works Council (EWC) or SE Works Council (SE-WC) appoint the second member. This has become the preferred option for... Find out more

Stéphane Vernac

Understanding the ban on the cumul des mandats

Taking up a mandate in a multinational company can be a challenging experience for trade union and workers’ representatives in countries across Europe. And when it comes to board-level representation, the challenge becomes even greater. These difficulties have largely gone under the radar of policymakers at the EU level, but the case of France... Find out more

Sara Lafuente Hernandez, Stan De Spiegelaere, Romuald Jagodzinski

Friends in high places

Policy implications European Works Councils (EWC) face many limitations in terms of timing and quality of information and consultation. One way of addressing this is through communication with board-level employee representatives. The mere presence of a board-level employee representative is not related to better EWC functioning, but EWC members... Find out more

Stan De Spiegelaere, Romuald Jagodzinski, Jeremy Waddington

European Works Councils: contested and still in the making

Following the adoption of Council directive 94/45/EC (the EWC directive) more than 1,250 EWCs were established. This industrial relations institution was intended to ensure transnational information and consultation were available to worker representatives within MNCs that met the thresholds of the legislation. Initially the quality of information... Find out more

Romuald Jagodzinski, Sjef Stoop

How to deal with confidential information

This training manual deals with two serious forms of obstruction that management may use to block information flows. Firstly, management may label information as ‘confidential’, thus forbidding the EWC to share this information with others (including the employees it represents or local works councils). Alternatively, management may use the... Find out more

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November 25, 2022

Building capacity for negotiating EWC agreements

On 16-18 November 2022, in Torremolinos, Spain, industriAll Europe in cooperation with the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) organised a training for European Works Councils (EWC). 14 participants... Find out more

November 23, 2020

A better world with more democracy at work

For democracy to work well requires democracy in the workplace. ‘You know what? Our whole education is a lie. We learned how to be critical citizens for years, develop our own opinions, question... Find out more

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2021, the year for more democracy at work

Democracy at work is key to mapping out an inclusive and sustainable way forward. (…) Workers’ participation in all its forms must be... Find out more