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The 2022 Country Specific Recommendations in the social field: quo vadis, EU recovery?

This report provides an analysis of the 2022 Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) made by the Council, on a proposal by the Commission, concerning social and labour policies. Account is taken of the main new features of this Semester cycle, notably the integration of the European Semester in the NextGenerationEU strategy and the ongoing energy... Find out more

The EU recovery strategy

This paper explores the EU recovery strategy with a specific focus on its potentially transformative aspects vis-à-vis European integration and on its implications for the social dimension of the EU’s socio-economic governance. It aims, in particular, to provide a reflection on whether the established measures put forward sufficient safeguards... Find out more

Robert Stehrer

Short- and medium-term sectoral employment forecasts 2021–2027

This working paper provides forecasts of changes in employment levels, in total, by sector and by different labour force groups in Europe, from 2022 to 2027. These forecasts of employment levels, both in terms of persons employed and in terms of hours worked, have been produced under three different scenarios, a baseline, an optimistic and an... Find out more

David Natali, Andrea Terlizzi

Minimum income across all ages: a focus on elderly people

The risk of poverty is a key issue for European countries. Irrespective of the uneven evolution of that risk – a sharp increase in the aftermath of the Great Recession of 2008 followed by an overall decrease in the past few years – people at risk of poverty represent a key target of social protection and social assistance schemes across the EU... Find out more

Julien Louis

The judicialisation of European Trade Union Confederation action

This study examines the development and implementation of judicial strategies by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) over the last fifteen years. Firstly, the author shows that this strategy was born in the wake of the Viking and Laval cases, with the aim of using the standards and complaint mechanisms of the Council of Europe and the... Find out more

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September 15, 2022

Trade union papers and positions on the energy crisis

The ETUC on the energy crisis At the end of June, the ETUC’s Executive Committee adopted a resolution on the energy price crisis. This resolution points out that the skyrocketing prices of oil, gas... Find out more

July 13, 2020

Collective Bargaining developments in June 2020

Please find below the highlights of the June issue of the Collective Bargaining newsletter with the most important developments at European and member state level over the past month. Full version of... Find out more