Subscribe to our newsletters →  here

The Eurofound survey aims to capture the far-reaching implications of the pandemic for the way people live and work across Europe. Two rounds of the online survey have been carried out to date: one in April 2020, when most Member States were in lockdown, and one in July, when society and economies were slowly re-opening. The third round is now underway starting 15 February to 29 March 2021. 

The findings from the first round reflected widespread emotional distress, financial concern and low levels of trust in institutions. Levels of concern abated somewhat in the second round, particularly among groups of respondents who were benefiting from support measures implemented during the pandemic. However, the second round identified groups of respondents who still express significant concerns about their financial situation.

The proportion reporting that their household has difficulties making ends meet in July continued to be highest among respondents who are unemployed – more than twice that of households in employment. The second round of the survey also pointed to a rising proportion of unemployed respondents reporting arrears in their utility bills, telephone, mobile or internet connection bills and healthcare insurance payments. Respondents in the 35-49 age category were financially more vulnerable than other age groups: six out of ten report not being able to get by on their savings for more than three months, compared to around half of respondents in other age groups. During both rounds, financial fragility was higher among women than men. Finally, the survey showed that while the risk of running out of money decreased for (self-)employed respondents between April and July, it increased somewhat among unemployed respondents.

In sum, the results underline stark differences between socioeconomic groups that point to growing inequalities. Monitoring the effects of unemployment during the pandemic, especially where it has increased significantly, will be important, as these impacts may be harder to alleviate with temporary supports. The third round also contains new questions, for instance on views about the vaccination programmes and the quality and use of public services in pandemic times. The survey will be open till 29 March 2021, and is accessible using the following link: eurofound.link/survey018.

Subscribe to our newsletters →  here