The Collective Bargaining newsletter presents the most important developments at European and Member States levels on a monthly basis. Here are the key issues of the past month:

1. Europe - The European Court of Justice decided that member states must remove unjustified restrictions on the use of temporary agency work - restrictions are only permitted on grounds of general interest; namely the protection of temporary agency workers, the requirements of health and safety at work, or the need to ensure that the labour market functions properly and abuses are prevented.

2. Denmark - An arbitration court ruled that one of the three Italian firms serving as subcontractors on the massive expansion of Copenhagen’s metro system (Cipa) has underpaid around 200 employees from Portugal, Italy and Romania. Cipa must compensate the employees with 2.95 million euro.

3. France - Radio France, has been paralysed by a strike since 19 March in what is now the longest such action to affect the company in a decade. The strike is in protest against the outsourcing of jobs, and reforms to production and cleaning services, as well as Radio France’s decision to fire one of its two orchestras as a cost-saving measure.

4. Germany - The public sector trade unions and public employers agreed on a two-stage pay rise of more than 4% for public sector workers. With the agreement, around 800,000 state workers will see their pay rise by 2.1% retroactively from March 2015 and by 2.3% from March 2016. In the chemical sector a sector-wide collective agreement with a 2.8% wage rise over 17 months was concluded.

5. UK - The trade union of workers at Windsor Castle will open a ballot over allowances. It is the first such action specific to the Royal Households and comes after years of pay restraint has left loyal workers paid below the widely-recognised living wage, with new recruits starting on as little as £14,400 a year.

The monthly Collective Bargaining newsletter is compiled by a research team from the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) in cooperation with the ETUI.

The Newsletter presents up-to-date and easily accessible first-hand information on collective bargaining developments across Europe to practitioners, policy-makers and researchers. The alerts include links to the original stories.

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